Kidney stones are a common medical condition that can cause severe pain and discomfort. They occur when small, hard mineral deposits form in the kidneys and can cause a blockage in the urinary tract. In this blog post, we’ll explore the most common kidney stone symptoms and what you should do if you experience them.

What Causes Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones form when there is a buildup of certain minerals, such as calcium or uric acid, in the kidneys. These minerals can stick together and form small, hard stones. Kidney stones can be caused by a variety of factors, including dehydration, a high-salt diet, obesity, and certain medical conditions (1).

Common Kidney Stone Symptoms

1. Pain in the Side and Back

One of the most common kidney stone symptoms is pain in the side and back (2). The pain can be severe and may come and go in waves. It may also be accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

2. Painful Urination

Painful urination is another common symptom of kidney stones (3). You may feel a burning sensation when you urinate or have the urge to urinate more frequently than usual.

3. Blood in the Urine

Blood in the urine is a less common symptom of kidney stones, but it can occur in some cases. The urine may appear pink, red, or brown (4).

4. Difficulty Urinating

Kidney stones can cause a blockage in the urinary tract, making it difficult to urinate. You may feel a constant urge to urinate but be unable to pass much urine.

5. Fever and Chills

In some cases, kidney stones can cause an infection. This can lead to a fever and chills, as well as other symptoms such as fatigue and a loss of appetite.

What to Do If You Experience Kidney Stone Symptoms

If you experience any of these symptoms, it’s important to seek medical attention. Your doctor may recommend a variety of treatments, including pain medication, fluids, and sometimes surgery (5).

In the meantime, it’s important to drink plenty of fluids to help flush the kidney stones out of your system. You may also be advised to avoid certain foods that can increase your risk of developing kidney stones, such as high-salt and high-oxalate foods.


Kidney stones are a common medical condition that can cause severe pain and discomfort. Common symptoms include pain in the side and back, painful urination, blood in the urine, difficulty urinating, and fever and chills. If you experience any of these symptoms, seek medical attention. Remember, early intervention is key to managing kidney stones and preventing complications.

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  1. NHS, 2022. Causes. [Online] Available at: 
  2. Sohgaura, A. & Bigoniya, P., 2017. A Review on Epidemiology and Etiology of Renal Stone. American Journal of Drug Discovery and Development, 7(2), pp. 54-62.
  3. NHS, 2022. Symptoms. [Online]Available at:
  4. Coe, F. L. & Parks, J. H., 1992. The Pathogenesis and Treatment of Kidney Stones. The New England Journal of Medicine.
  5. NHS, 2022. Treatment. [Online] Available at:
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